The colors of South Africa.

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Melville Chater. A woman sits among the carpet of wild flowers in Little Karoo. Cape Colony, Union of South Africa. 1930s.

Melville Chater. A man and woman with her baby on her back pick cotton in a field. Swaziland, South Africa. 1930s.

Melville Chater. A young girl arranges a diverse bouquet of South African wild flowers. Cape Colony, Union of South Africa. 1930s.

Melville Chater. Locals relax under a blooming jacaranda tree. Durban, Union of South Africa. 1930s.

Melville Chater. Not much is known of this photographer. But certainly among the 20s and 30s he worked for the National Geographic realizing some autochromes that immortalized the colors of South Africa.

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Family and landscapes.

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Humbert Ducurtyl. Untitled. Early 1900.

Humbert Ducurtyl. Untitled. Early 1900.

Humbert Ducurtyl. Untitled. Early 1900.

Humbert Ducurtyl (1850-19 ..) worked in the silk industry, then began to work as an agent of change. He became interested in photography. He met the Lumière brothers in which he provided financial assistance for their research. Throughout his life dabbled with photography, his subjects were often his family and landscapes.

Photograph of the early XX century.

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Anonymous. Vevey, Claire Villa, inside the Villa. 1910.

Paul Burty Haviland. The artist Armand Guillaumin painting in Crozant. 1917.

Anonymous. The lily pond at Giverny. 1921.

Clémentel Etienne. Family taking tea in the garden. 1921.

Musée d’Orsay has a special photographic section, all dedicated to this extraordinary invention of the XIX century. Created in 1979, deals with formal witness the evolution of this art over the years.

A mysterious photographer.

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Chouanard Henri. Picnic on the banks of the Loing at Montigny. Early 1900.

Chouanard Henri. Château de Maintenon. 1920.

Henri Chouanard. Painter at Moret-sur-Loing. 1920.

Chouanard Henri. Marrakech palm. 1907.

Henri Chouanard (1883-1936) French photographer. He devoted himself to the process of autochrome. Not much is known of this artist, but there remain many colored plates. His favorite subjects were landscapes both French and exotic.

Ladies in the autumn garden.

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Rudolf Bruner-Dvořák. Fascination of Autumn. c. 1913.

Rudolf Bruner-Dvořák. Untitled. c. 1913.

Rudolf Bruner-Dvořák. Untitled. c. 1913.

Rudolf Bruner-Dvořák (1864-1921) one of the founders of the press photographs and pioneer of photographic reportage in the Czech lands. His photographs are the first appearance on the log Prague. The period between 1907 and 1910 is considered the best for his photographic work. Versatile photographer who brought improvements in technology and work style. His favorite subjects were landscapes of Bosnia and Serbia. Bruner-Dvořák also worked with the autochrome process, unfortunately survived only a few plates: a series of images that portray the park of the castle of Konopiste, owned by Ferdinand d’Este, and the park Stromovka in Prague.

Old villages.

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Karel Šmirous. Portofino. Italy. 1910.

Karel Šmirous. Coal Market Square. Prague. 1910.

Karel Šmirous. Spanish ship unloading oranges. Marseille. 1923.

Karel Šmirous. Kaysersberg. 1913.

Karel Šmirous (1890-1981) Czech scientist and only Czech photographer who specialized in color photography using the autochrome process. He began to take photographs from a young age. He earned his studies at the Czech Technical University, however, bringing forward his passion for painting and photography. In Prague between 1908 and 1912 became interested in the first color photographs. He made several color photographs that reflected the Bohemian forest, especially the forest Boubin. The sense of artistic composition is due to his passion in painting. Between 1913 and 1918 he visited the laboratory of the Lumière brothers in France. From his early experiments with color developed a personal style, based on a careful choice of color and often using variations of a single dominant color. His work is very rich in various subjects: still lifes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, reportage, advertising and scientific photography.

Pictorialism.

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George Seeley. Seeley’s Sister with Peacock Feather. Early 1900.

George Seeley. Mary Seeley Davis and Marion Cady Davis. 1912.

George Seeley. The Black Bowl. c1907. Camera Work.

George H. Seeley. Still Life with Bowl and Flowers. c. 1915.

George Henry Seeley (1880-1955) American photographer. He was part of the pictorial movement. Seeley studied drawing and painting in Boston, after he met Fred Holland Day, who introduced him to the pictorial photography. In 1904 he held his first exhibition in the “First Exhibition of American Photography” in New York. In 1906 he joined the association photographic “Photo Secession” directed by Alfred Stieglitz. Between 1907 and 1910 he published several pictures on the photo magazine “Camera Work”. His photographs are always made ​​of soft focus, often with dark tones. He often used his sisters as models. Often he also photographed landscapes in different seasons with great attention to abstractions. In 1912 he resigned from the Photo Secession group, but throughout his life he continued his interest in pictorialism. During the 30s he devoted himself to painting again.

The fathers of autochromes.

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Auguste and Louis Lumière. A Soldier Offering a Maiden a Flower, 1910.

Auguste and Louis Lumière. The Bicycle. 1910s.

Auguste and Louis Lumière. Andrée and Suzanne. ca. 1909.

Auguste and Louis Lumière. The Lumière family, La Ciotat (Bouches-du-Rhône). Around 1910.

Antoine Lumière (1840-1911) founding father, he moved to Lyon with his family in 1871, was a photographer who specializes in visiting cards. Thanks to his artistic sense acquired a certain reputation. Antoine Lumière realized on their own photo media. In 1884 the company opened Antoine Lumière and sons.

Auguste (1862-1954) and Louis (1864-1948) Lumière conducted scientific studies at La Martinière in Lyon, meanwhile helped their father in the family business. In 1882 they developed the process, “Blue Label” which allowed the revival of the company Antoine Lumière, providing more revenue. The Lumière brothers brought forth new discoveries in various fields, their main invention is the cinema in 1894. In 1903 he patented the process Autochrome considered by Louis Lumière the greatest masterpiece. If the brothers have promised to always sign the inventions of their two names, major discoveries in photography and film are due to Louis Lumiere, while Auguste was more interested in biology and medicine.

Mediterranean beauty.

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Wilhelm Tobien. A young Sicilian woman sits among the pillars of an ancient church. Palermo, Italy. 1920s – 1930s.

Wilhelm Tobien. Portrait of a young woman sitting in a garden of flowers. Corfu Island (Kerkira Island), Ionian Islands, Greece. 1920s – 1930s.

Wilhelm Tobien. Women are in the garden of Achilleion, a villa in Italianate-style. Achilleion, Corfu Island (Kerkira Island), Ionian Islands, Greece. 1920s – 1930s.

Wilhelm Tobien. An elderly woman sits on a stone wall among many different flowers. Orotava Valley, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. 1920s – 1930s.

Wilhelm Tobien, German photographer. Between the 20s and 30s he worked for the National Geographic Society, has carried out various autochromes of scenarios and villages  Austrian, Swedish and German. But there are also color photographs of the landscapes of Bulgaria, Romania, Canary Islands and the Azores.

Lovely creature.

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Colonel Mervyn O’Gorman. Christina walking on the beach. c 1913.

Colonel Mervyn O’Gorman. Portrait of Christina wearing a red cloak. c.1913.

Colonel Mervyn O’Gorman. Christina by the boat. 1913.

Colonel Mervyn O’Gorman. Portrait of Christina in a garden. c.1912.

Colonel Mervyn O’Gorman (1871-958) British aeronautical engineer, born in Ireland. During the First World War he was head of the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough. He was also a motoring pioneer and the Highway Code, became vice-president of the Royal Automobile Club. O’Gorman was also a talented artist and photographer, famous for his autochromes, etching and lacquers.